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Ubuntu on Raspberry Pi

Notes for configuring Ubuntu 20.04.1 LTS on Raspberry Pi.

Custom Ubuntu image

I currently use a customized Ubuntu image that includes the following modifications:

  • Disabled resizing of partitions and filesystems to use entire SD card on first boot in cloud-init
  • Disabled automatic patching of Ubuntu on first boot via cloud-init
  • Add users, SSH keys, and sudo configuration for Ansible

First boot

On first boot you can find the Pi on the network from a DHCP server (or any other host that has an ARP cache for the subnet including this host) using the following:

echo "The following Raspberry Pi 4 devices have been found:"
arp -a | grep dc:a6
# add MAC for other models...

Grow filesystem and disable cloud-init

After logging in you should reconfigure the filesystem and disable cloud-init to ensure that it does not automatically modify the filesytem or partitions in future updates.

# disable
touch /etc/cloud/cloud-init.disabled

# manually modify the partition table and grow the filesystem
parted /dev/mmcblk0
resizepart # configure partition 2 as desired
resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p2

# optional: remove cloud-init completely
apt-get purge cloud-init
# if you do not remove cloud-init be sure not to allow your
# configuration to be overwritten in future updates to the package

Another option is to create a small 1Mb partition after your root partition to ensure that it can never be grown into the empty space on your SD card.

Next do the following:

# disable the unattended upgrades service (you can re-enable later if you prefer)
systemctl disable unattended-upgrades

# install python for Ansible
apt install python

# set editor to Vim (optional)
update-alternatives --config editor

# set a hostname
echo "$MYHOSTNAME" > /etc/hostname

# don't forget to update /etc/hosts

Configure network interface for static use:

# /etc/netplan/99-static.yaml
    version: 2
    renderer: networkd
            link-local: [ ]
                search: [,]

Test netplan configuration:

netplan try

# if that works, remove any other config files and run:
netplay apply

# once successfully tested you should also remove the default config from cloud-init
# (add to Ansible playbook in future)
rm -f /etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml

Ansible playbooks

# standard configuration for all Raspberry Pi systems
# this playbook does the following:
#  - base configurations (raspi_ubuntu)
#  - time service config (chrony)
#  - firewall config (nftables)
ansible-playbook -l raspi_ubuntu.yml

# regenerate SSHD keys on host after build
# NOTE: Ubuntu ships with a default set of SSHD keys
ansible-playbook -l regen_sshd_keys.yml

Add the following to Ansible plays in the future:

  • default editor
  • prune packages
  • configre motd
  • apt install lm-sensors

Hardware notes

Quick reference for Raspberry Pi hardware tools on Ubuntu.

Configuring RTC on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

# Install the I2C tools to access the bus and configure your RTC
apt install i2c-tools

# Enable your RTC in the Pi boot config
echo "dtoverlay=i2c-rtc,$RTCMODEL" >> /boot/firmware/usercfg.txt 

# show I2C bus config
#  - 68 = hardware detected
#  - UU = dtoverlay configured correctly and driver is loaded
i2cdetect -y 1

Reference: Raspberry Pi RTC: Adding a Real Time Clock// ===== Reference ===== //See also: [[pi|Raspberry Pi

ubuntu/pi.txt · Last modified: 2021-02-08 16:27 by gabriel